You guys planning to spend some time in Istanbul? That is good but do not miss the chance to visit Bursa city. Tour to one of the capitals of the Ottoman Empire , Bursa Tour, is waiting for you. With its nature and history, it is one of the most visited cities. The tour will start by picking up from centrally located hotels in Istanbul around 09:00. The ferry will be used on the route, and Bursa city center, Grand Mosque, Green Mosque, Old Tree, Uludag Mountain will be visited. This tour is one of the best things to do in Turkey. The tour includes a barbeque lunch, will end at your hotel around 10 pm.
Istanbul E-pass includes Bursa Tour Day Trip from Istanbul with English and Arabic speaking Professional Guide. Tour starts at 09:00 ends at 22:00.
Places to visit in Bursa
In Turkish, it means " great mountain." In ancient times it was mentioned by many historians and geographers as " Olympus ." Its highest peak is 2,543 m (8,343 ft.). Between 3. and 8. centuries, many monks came and built monasteries here. After the Ottoman conquest of Bursa, some of those monasteries were abandoned. In 1933, a hotel and a proper road were constructed to Uludag . Since this date, Uludag has become a center for winter and ski sports. Bursa Cable Car was the first cable car in Turkey , which was opened in 1963. Uludag has the largest ski resort in Turkey.
It was built by Yildirim Bayezid and completed in 1400. The Grand Mosque is a rectangular structure measuring 55 x 69 meters. Its total interior area is 3,165 square meters. It is the largest of the grand mosques in Turkey. Yildirim Bayezid decided to build twenty mosques when he was victorious in the Battle of Niğbolu. When he went back to the City, he told this idea to his son-in-law, Emir Sultan, and he recommended that a single mosque with twenty domes would be better, instead of twenty mosques. The mosque built with treasures won in the victory of Nigbolu.
The Green Mausoleum was built in 1421 by Sultan Mehmet Çelebi. The building becomes a symbol of Bursa City. It can be witnessed from all overhead the City. Mehmet Celebi 1st built the mausoleum in his health and died 40 days after the construction. It is the only mausoleum in Ottoman Empire where all its walls are coated with tiles. Evliya Celebi's writings of his travels also contain information about the mausoleum.
Green (Yesil) mosque was a government mansion also. It is a magnificent two-story, two-domed building built by Celebi Sultan Mehmet between 1413-1424. The mosque's reputation comes from its tile veneers, which have a unique feature and importance for fifteenth-century Ottoman tile art. Famous researcher and traveler Charles Texier states that this structure is the best or even Ottoman Empire. Historian Hammer writes that the mosque's minaret and domes were also paved with tiles in the past. Famous Ottoman traveler Evliya Celebi also says that the minarets and domes were covered with green tiles to justify giving the mosque of its "Green" name.
Tomb of Orhan gazi
It was built on the remains of the Saint Elie Monastery, which dates back to the Byzantine period. Just opposite to Osman Gazi's tomb. Mosaic remains of the monastery have survived to the present day on the floors of the structure. The Tomb of Osman Gazi and the Tomb of Orhan Gazi was under the same roof, but it was demolished in the earthquake of 1855 and renovated by Sultan Abdulaziz in 1863. Orhan Gazi, Osman Gazi's son, organized the Ottoman state and made it an institutional state. Orhan Gazi, who became head of the state when he was 45 years old, participated in wars when he was 15 years old and spent most of his life in war zones. He died in 1360 at the age of 79. After his death, part of Saint Elia's Monastery was turned into a mausoleum and buried here. Do consider paying a visit here. This will be your best spent time in Istanbul.
Tomb of Osman Gazi
Osman Gazi, born in 1258, is one of the three sons of Ertugrul Bey. After his father's death, he was made head of the Principality when he was only 23 years old by a joint decision. After the fall of the Seljuk Empire, he declared the independence of the Ottoman Principality in 1299. He read a sermon on his behalf in Karaca Fortress, appointed Qadi(Judge), and made Yenisehir the center of the Principality. Those who followed him were called "Ottoman." During the siege of Bursa, which lasted for 11 years, Osman Gazi died in Söğüt in 1326. According to his will, part of the Saint Elia monastery was converted into a mausoleum by Orhan Gazi and buried in this structure after the conquest. Located under the same structure (Saint Elia monastery) as the Orhan Gazi mausoleum, the structure was destroyed by a fire in 1801 and an earthquake in 1854 and was rebuilt in its present appearance by Sultan Abdulaziz in 1868.
History of Bursa
It is one of the heavenly corners of Anatolia, the cradle of civilizations, has been the scene of settlements since ancient times. The region lived under various colonies and countries until Bithynia was established in the fourth century BC. According to Herodotus's famous history, the only City that existed in and around Bursa was Cius/Gemlik. The founding of the City of Cius dates back to the 12. century BC.
During King Prusias 1st of Bithynia, Prusa gained the status of a "city" and was surrounded by walls (BC. 232-192). When King Hannibal of Carthage lost his war with the Roman emperor, he took refuge in Prusias with his troops. He ordered to build the City in his honor after being highly regarded by Prusias. The City was, for this reason, called Prusa.
Osman Bey, the founder and first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, in 1299, is Ertugrul Gazi's son. The Ottoman Empire was adjacent to the istian land, gave them a significant advantage, and quickly made them a great empire.
Osman Bey, who saw the dervishes' tremendous contribution in establishing the Ottoman state, gave many lands in and around Bursa to the dervishes. He also took the daughter of Sheikh Edebali, the most respected dervish of the region. Osman Bey became rich with his wars in Byzantine territory. In 1302, he made Yenisehir the center of the state. He besieged Iznik and Bursa but died before he could take it. According to his wish, he was buried in the Silver Dome (Monastery of Saint Elia) in Tophane. At his death, he had not much as his private property.
When Osman Bey ravaged the United armies of Byzantine cities in 1308, it came before them. After this date, he built two towers to observe Bursa City by besieging it. It was helpless when Orhaneli Castle was conquered in 1325 to secure the back of City. They handed City to Orhan Bey on April 6, 1326. Thus did not fall into the hands of the Turks By Sword, but by Surrender.
Orhan Bey, the son of Osman Bey, the founder of the Ottoman Empire and the second Sultan of the state, became his father's deputy in 1320. He conquered Mudanya in 1321 and took the throne in 1324. He conquered Bursa on April 6, 1326. Orhan Gazi, who surrendered Iznik in 1331, moved the Ottomans' capital to Iznik for 5 years.
In 1353, taking advantage of the internal turmoil in Byzantium, Orhan Gazi took the castle of Cimpe at Gallipoli. He crossed into Gallipoli and captured all the Marmara coast and Tekirdag. He made the first legal regulations that formed the state's foundations, and He organized the army. He introduced tax laws. For the first time, he printed money in his name. Orhan Gazi started a rapid reconstruction work in the City and built many monumental works such as the mosque, bath, bridge, fountain, mint, madrasa, which formed the City's core overflowing outside the walls. Orhan Gazi died in 1360. He was also buried in Tophane, next to his father.
During the first 200 years of the Ottoman Empire, the City showed significant improvements compared to other cities. It was decorated with many structures; it became the center of the scientific world with its era's well-known madrasas(schools). "Yesil Bursa" (Green Bursa) were laid by creating residential areas around them and starting a settlement tradition.
Sultan Mehmet 1st (1451-1481), after taking Istanbul, Bursa was pushed to the second plan. Therefore, Bursa has always been the second or spiritual capital. For example, Mehmet died, and When Bayezid 2nd became Sultan (1481-1512), his brother Cem came to City in 1481 and declared his sultanship. Sehzade Cem served as Sultan for 18 days in Bursa, where he printed money on his behalf. Later, this led to the punishment of the people of Bursa by the Sultan. When Bayezid 2nd entered City in 1512, the Janissaries wanted to loot the City, and the looting was prevented at the last moment.
In Bursa, the most incredible pain after the Ottoman period was experienced by the Greek occupation. A black veil was draped over the Grand National Assembly podium in Ankara to stay until Bursa was liberated from enemy occupation. In those difficult years, almost a third of City residents were non-Muslim, so some residents took their weapons and went up to the mountains. Those who remained in the City did intelligence work for Kuvay-ı Millie . (Liberation Army) The Greeks insulted Osman Gazi's Tomb, caused the residents to become even more resentful of the invaders. Bursa was liberated on September 11, 1922, after 2 years, 2 months, and 2 days of occupation.
The final word
Busra holds extensive historical importance in the history of Turkey and being the first capital of the Ottoman Empire, it is home to many Sultans resting under its soil. If you love Istanbul, you will surely love Busra. If you are planning on a tour, don't miss the Istanbul E-pass, which brings the entry of many attractions free for you.